The Millstone Times March 2020

The Millstone Times is the premier newspaper in Millstone and the surrounding area of Central NJ.

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IN THIS ISSUE: Kids . ................................................... 10 Home Improvement............................ 20 Real Estate......................................... 25 Health and Wellness........................ 42 Pet Pages............................................. 60 Food and Dining.................................. 69 As We Age. ........................................... 74 Family Matters. ................................. 79 Automotive . ....................................... 85

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Semper Fidelis By Pam Teel

Eighty-year-old Melvyn (Mel) Meszaros never forgot his Marine Corps heritage. Mel served in the Marine Corps from 1960 to 1964. He was assigned to the air wing division and learned aviation electronics and radar. He was dis- charged with the rank of Lance Corporal. Upon entering the civilian world he became involved with the John Basilone Detachment #190 of the New Jersey Marine Corps League becoming a Commander of the Basilone Detachment League. (Basilone was a hero of Iwo Jima who gave up his life on the first day of fighting on February 19th 1945. He served as a machine gun section lead- er with the 5th Marine Division. His actions helped Marines penetrate the Japanese defense and get off the landing beach during the critical early stages of the invasion.) Since boot camp on Paris Island in South Carolina, where he first saw the famous statue of the flag raising, Mel always had the obsession of wanting to walk on the black sands of Iwo Jima and climb Mt. Suribachi. The opportunity became a reality when he learned Military Tours was running a special tour in March 2005 to commemorate the 60th anniversary of the Battle of Iwo Jima. For $5,000 Mel signed up for the tour along with 500 other people including Medal of Honor recipients, celebrities, and dignitaries. There were also young marines who were spending 3 days on the Island of Guam and 12 hours on Iwo Jima.(Sightseers are only allowed to spend a few hours on the island.) While on the tour, Mel became close friends with Medal of Honor recipient Jack Lucas and celebrity Lee Ermey.

Mel, with hat on and leather jacket, at base of pole helping to raise flag. Walking on the black sand is something Mel will remember and treasure for the rest of his life. Since black sand is the only souvenir the Japanese allow to be taken off the island, Mel filled 2 qt jars of the sacred sand. Little did he know that he would be a part of raising the American flag once again on top Mt. Suribachi; he, along with Jack Lucas and the Young Marines that were standing next to the monument where the famous flag raising took place. A few feet away was a 25 foot flagpole flying the American flag and because the hoisting rope was dry rotted it broke and the American flag fell to the ground. Mike Kessler, who was in charge of the Young Marines, quickly organized a group to lift the 25 ft pole out of its sleeve in the ground. After laying the pole on the ground and getting some new rope to replace the rotted rope, the American flag was now ready to be flown again. The group consisting of 10 Young Marines, Mike and Mel, proceeded to place the base of the pole into the sleeve and raise the pole and American flag upright. Mel was 65 years old then. This flag raising was captured on photo like the first flag raising. The photo was taken by the editor, Lee Webber, of the Pacific Daily News making Mel the oldest Marine to raise the American Flag on top of Mt. Suribachi on the island of Iwo Jima, not on Feb 23, 1945, which was the first time, but on March 23, 2005. For the last twenty years Mel has been going back to Paris Island to honor the new Marines graduating from boot camp. Mel has lived in Monroe Town- ship for the past 11 years. Below is a brief history of the invasion of Iwo Jima commemorating 75 years in History. February 19, 1945, the United States invaded Iwo Jima as part of its island-hopping strategy to defeat Japan. Iwo Jima originally was not a target, but the relatively quick fall of the Philippines left the Americans with a longer-than-expected lull prior to the planned invasion of Okinawa. Iwo Jima is located halfway between Japan and the Mariana Islands, where American long-range bombers were based, and was used by the Japanese as an early warning sta- tion, radioing warnings of incoming American bombers to the Japanese homeland. The Americans, after capturing the island, weakened the Japanese early warning system, and used it as an emergency landing strip for damaged bombers. Iwo Jima is a volcanic island. Marines described it as a large, gray pork chop. The island was heavily fortified, and the invading Marines suffered high casualties. Politically, the island is part of the prefecture of Tokyo. It would be the first Japanese homeland soil to be captured by the Americans, and it was a matter of honor for the Japanese to prevent its capture. The island is dominated by Mount Suribachi, a 546-foot dormant volcanic cone at the southern tip of the island. The top of Suribachi was one of the most important locations on the island. From that vantage point, the Japanese defenders were able to see the Americans clearly the landing beaches. The Japanese fought most of the battle from underground bunkers and pillboxes. It was common for Marines to disable a pillbox using grenades or flamethrowers, only to come under renewed fire from it a few minutes later, after replacement Japanese infantry arrived into the pillbox through a tunnel. The American effort concentrated on isolating and capturing Suribachi first, a goal that was achieved on February 23rd, four days after the battle began. Despite capturing Suri- bachi, the battle continued to rage for many days, and the island would not be declared "secure" until 31 days later, on March 26. The Japanese garrison on the island numbered 22,000 heavily entrenched men During the bloody Battle for Iwo Jima, U.S. Marines from the 3rd Platoon, E Company, 2nd Battalion, 28th Regiment of the 5th Division took the crest of Mount Suribachi, the island’s highest peak and most strategic position, and raised the U.S. flag. Marine photographer Louis Lowery was with them and recorded the event. Americans fighting for control of Suribachi’s slopes cheered the raising of the flag, and several hours later more Marines headed up to the crest with a larger flag. Joe Rosenthal, a photographer with the Associated Press, met them along the way and recorded the raising of the second flag along with a Marine still photographer and a motion-picture cameraman. Many of these men, including three of the six Marines seen raising the flag in the famous Rosenthal photo, were killed before the conclusion of the Battle for Iwo Jima in late March. What Mel learned from his life experiences was that if you have a dream or you want to do something or go somewhere, do it and don’t procrastinate because you never know what life will bring you.

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Did You Know…? By Pam Teel

Did you know that Doris Miller (Dorie) was the first black American sailor in the United States Navy to be awarded the Navy Cross? He manned anti-aircraft guns during the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941 for which he had no training and then tended to the wounded. He was recognized by the Navy for his actions and awarded the Navy Cross, the third highest honor awarded by the Navy at the time, after the Medal of Honor and the Navy Distinguished Service Medal. Miller's acts were heavily publicized in the black press, making him an iconic emblem of the war for black Americans. Nearly two years after Pearl Harbor, he was killed in action when his ship Liscome Bay was sunk by a Japanese submarine during the Battle of Makin. On January 19, 2020, Miller got his well-deserved recognition when the Navy announced that CVN-81, a nuclear powered aircraft carrier would be named after him. He will be the first African-American to have an aircraft carrier named in his honor. Miller was born in Waco, Texas, on October 12, 1919. He was named Doris, as the midwife who assisted his mother was convinced that the baby would be female. The third of four sons, Miller helped around the house cooking meals and doing laundry, as well as working on the family farm. He was a fullback on the football team at Waco's High School. He began attending the eighth grade again on January 25, 1937 at age 17 but was forced to repeat the grade the following year, so he decided to drop out of school. He applied to join the Civil- ian Conservation Corps, but was not accepted. At that time, he was 6 feet 3 inches tall and weighed more than 200 pounds.

Miller worked on his father's farm until shortly before his 20th birthday, and then enlisted in the United States Navy on September 16, 1939. He did his training at Naval Station Norfolk in Virginia, and then was promoted to Mess Attendant Third Class, one of the few ratings open at the time to black sailors. After training school, he was assigned to the ammunition ship Pyro and then transferred on January 2, 1940 to the battleship West Virginia. It was on the West Virginia where he started competition boxing, becoming the ship's heavyweight champion. He was promoted to Mess Attendant Second Class on February 16, 1941. In July, he was on temporary duty aboard the Nevada at Secondary Battery Gunnery School. He returned to the West Virginia in August 1941. Attack on Pearl Harbor- Miller was a crewman aboard the West Virginia and awoke at 6 a.m. on December 7, 1941. He served breakfast mess and was collecting laundry at 7:57 a.m. when the Japanese aircraft hit the West Virginia. The "Battle Stations" alarm went off; Miller headed for his battle station, an anti-aircraft battery magazine amidships, only to discover that a torpedo had destroyed it. He went then to "Times Square," a central spot aboard the ship where the fore-to-aft and port-to-starboard passageways crossed, reporting himself available for other duties. Lieutenant Commander Doir C. Johnson, the ship's communications officer, spotted Miller and saw the potential of his pow- erful build, so he ordered him to accompany him to the bridge to assist in moving the captain, who had a gaping wound in his abdomen where he had apparently been hit by shrapnel. Miller and another sailor lifted the skipper but were unable to remove him from the bridge, so they carried him from his exposed position on the damaged bridge to a sheltered spot behind the tower. The captain refused to leave his post, questioned his officers about the condition of the ship, and gave orders. Lieutenant Frederic H. White ordered Miller to help him and Ensign Victor Delano load the unmanned number 1 and number 2 Browning .50 caliber anti-aircraft machine guns aft of the conning tower. Miller was not familiar with the weapon, but White and Delano instructed him on how to operate it. Delano expected Miller to feed ammunition to one gun, but his attention was diverted and, when he looked again, Miller was firing one of the guns. He was a quick study. White then loaded ammunition into both guns and assigned Miller the starboard gun. Miller fired the gun until he ran out of ammunition when he was ordered by Lieutenant Claude V. Ricketts to help carry the captain up to the navigation bridge out of the thick oily smoke generated by the many fires on and around the ship. Captain Bennion was only partially conscious at this point and died soon afterward. Japanese aircraft eventually dropped two armor-piercing bombs through the deck of the battleship and launched five 18-inch air- craft torpedoes into her port side. When the attack finally lessened, Miller helped move injured sailors through oil and water to the quarterdeck, thereby "unquestionably saving the lives of a number of people who might otherwise have been lost." The ship was heavily damaged by bombs, torpedoes, and resulting explosions and fires, but the crew prevented her from capsizing by counter-flooding a number of compartments. Instead, West Virginia sank to the harbor bottom as her surviving crew abandoned ship, including Miller. On December 15, Miller was transferred to the heavy cruiser Indianapolis. On January 1, 1942, the Navy released a list of commendations for actions on December 7. Among them was a single commendation for an unnamed Negro. The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People

Continued on page 64...

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Q: LEADERS IN LEAST INVASIVE PAIN & SPINE PROCEDURES How can Platelet Rich Plasma Treatment Help Shoulder and Knee Pain?


Platelet Rich Plasma Therapy also referred to as PRP Therapy, is a progressive non-surgical treatment to treat a variety of conditions including arthritis, ten- don injuries, and ligament injuries. PRP is part of a group of state-of-the-art treatments collectively referred to as Regenerative Medicine. PRP treats an injured area naturally using your body’s own growth factors to accelerate healing. It has been shown to be safe and effec- tive for numerous joint and soft tissue injuries. It has been extensively researched in numerous medical journals and publications all over the world. Some of the many uses of Platelet Rich Plasma include osteoarthritis (degenera- tive arthritis) of the spine, knee, shoulder, hip, hands, and feet, as well as menis- cus tears, plantar fasciitis, and rotator cuff tears. The procedure is simple and is performed in the office. The PRP process begins when a small amount of the patient’s blood is removed from the arm and placed into a special container. The blood is then placed into a device called a centri- fuge which spins the blood to help the separate the portion of the blood which becomes concentrated with platelets, thereby giving the procedure its name. These platelets are important because they release growth factors to recruit stem cells and to assist in healing an injured area naturally. Once the PRP is isolated, it is injected to the injured area under the guidance of an ultrasound machine to help accelerate healing and reduce pain.

This healing works on the simple principle that your body is perfectly capable of healing itself. Your blood contains all the essential components that the body produces to repair tissue damage. Each time you have an injury, the platelets in your blood along with growth factors, stem cells, cytokines, and other elements create a scaffolding on the site. The damaged tissues use this framework to regenerate and repair. The entire process takes approximately one hour, and pa- tients are sent home the same day. Patients on average report more than 50% improvement in 6 weeks and up to 100% improvement in 12 weeks. This may eliminate the need for more aggressive and expensive treatment options such as long-term medication or surgery. In a recent study, researchers at Hospital for Special Surgery gave patients with early osteoarthritis an injection of PRP and then monitored them for one year. After one year of the PRP injection, physicians evaluated the knee cartilage with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). While previous studies have shown that patients with osteoarthritis can lose roughly five percent of knee cartilage per year, the Hospital for Special Surgery investigators found that a large majority of patients in their study had no further cartilage loss. At minimum PRP also prevented further knee deterioration.

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KIDS What to Do When Your Kids Lie to You By Nicole Iuzzolino

To parents, their kids are their angels. They believe that they will be honest with them always. However, as they age, they may begin to spread little, white lies. When they are eventually caught in a lie, their parents are left devastated, and believe they can never trust their child again. But, there are some reasons as to why your child may resort to lying. For example, they may not think it is a hurtful lie, even though they know it to be ‘against the rules”. Sometimes kids do not see the lie as hurtful at all, as the lie does not ultimately hurt others. It is ex- tremely important not to jump to being angry as well, as you want to hear out their reasonings for doing so. Here are 5 ways to handle lying with your kids. 1. Do Not Lecture Empowering Parents explains that any lecture will just go over your child’s head and they will automatically tune you out. It is much better to tell the child what you are concerned about and how they can fix the problem in the future. This is the best way for your child to un- derstand that lying can potentially be hurtful and how to stop it. 2. Encourage Honesty! states to encourage honesty by encouraging imagination. For example, if your child begins to tell a made up story, make sure to emphasize that it is a really good story. Make sure to also say that it could be made into a good book. The idea is to emphasize the imagination not the lying. 3. Show Them The Consequences explains that by praising your kids when they do tell the truth, it will make them more inclined to tell the truth. Also, reducing the con- sequences can help as well. This encourages an open dialogue and makes the parent look like less of a tyrant. However, make sure your child does not continue to negotiate the consequences you want to reduce. 4.Use Truth Checks Truth checks is a tool used to give your child a second chance and think through their lie. A doctor who studied children and their lies explains that when your child lies to say, “I’m going to walk away and give you 10 minutes and then I’m going to come back and ask you again. If you change your mind and want to give me a different answer, it’s just a truth check and you won’t get in trouble.” 5. Perfection Is Not Necessary The most important thing is to make sure your child knows they do not have to be perfect either. It is okay to slip up every once in a while and make some mistakes. So it is important for the child to know that they can learn from their mistakes.

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NJ RUTHLESS SOFTBALL By Pam Teel NJ Ruthless Softball is part of a Nationwide Softball Organization. The Organization is open to female players from ages 8 to 18. It focuses on the building blocks of softball in developing proper mechanics in hitting, fielding, and learning to properly use their bodies correctly, thus providing confidence boosts in young athletes and preventing future injuries. Mentally, we focus on developing “good citizenship “through team based values, positive support and leadership characteristics. A key aspect of our program is to have girls trained and mentored by professional athletes, current/former Olympians, and a host of former players. The Organization is also about players’ development, education, and preparation to play at higher levels. It’s designed to allow a path for serious college minded players and serious athletes. It’s headed by three time Olympian, Crystl Bustos, who is revered as one the best players to ever have played the game. She is a two-time Olympic gold medalist and holds the world record for home runs during an Olympic series, with six. She has dedicated her life to training and leading female softball trainers. She employs over 15 current professional / Olympian players to help aid in the development of softball players nationwide. The Ruthless Softball Organization operates out of 9 states, New Jersey, N. California, S. California, Colorado, N. Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Nevada, North Carolina, Panhandle, Texas.

The local NJ Ruthless organization currently has ranging from ages 10u - 18u. NJ Ruthless works with local training organizations to provide clinics and instruction to various programs throughout the state as well as individuals looking to receive the best training. From Olympians to college coaches and former players, Ruthless offers training with players that have played at the highest level of softball. Highly qualified local NJ Ruthless coaches include: Tricia Popowski -USC Softball Hall of Fame, USA Hall of Fame Laura Borrelli -current High School head coach and former Monmouth University player, Danielle Gabrielle – high school softball coach and former standout at Manhattan University, Georgian Court University softball head coach- Nicole Degenhardt, Joe Braun -head coach of Baruch College, Jenna Rodriguez- former standout at Ciprani College, Alyssa Lovill- former D1 player at Illionis and a host of other well qualified coaches and trainers. NJ Ruthless pride is unparalleled in training. Bringing in the best of the best to help motivate, mentor, and train our players is at the root of our success. Examples of the quality of players that are brought in are this year’s current USA Olympian Pitcher, Monica Abbott, and Catcher, Aubree Munro, who were brought in to work with the Pitcher/Catcher clinic. Crystl Bustos herself has been in several times over the last few months training the girls. To find information on other players that have been brought in, or to see future events and gather more information about the Softball Organization, please check out NJ Ruthless Softball on facebook or visit their website. Some of these training sessions/clinics are open to the public, so follow them on Facebook to get insights on upcoming events. The NJ Ruthless Organization is dedicated to help create strong leaderful and successful women. We are involved with the National Youth Council, Play Like a Girl, and various organizations whose missions are to level the playing field and support our girls. It is a resource rich program presently offering training 3 times a week and a 4th day optional for open hitting and pitching. Ruthless softball teams are always looking for passionate girls that want to learn and improve as a player and teammate. If interested in joining a Ruthless team, please reach out to

Crystl Bustos and Olympian trainers help coach and mentor local girls softball teams. Limited spots available for our 2020 Girls softball teams, 10U-18U. Email us at for details.

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The Trump Administration launched the Federal School Safety Clearinghouse Website The Trump Administration launched the Federal School Safety Clear- inghouse website: in February. This website is a one-stop-shop of resources for K-12 administrators, educators, parents, and law enforcement to use to prepare for and ad- dress various threats related to safety, security, and support in schools. President Trump established the Federal Commission on School Safety to review safety practices and make meaningful and actionable recom- mendations of best practices to keep students safe.

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Congratulations To The Millstone Township’s Middle School Wrestling Team

Congratulations to all the boys on the wrestling team for wrestling hard this season! Tanner Wilson 80lbs 1st place Qualified and will be going to States in March. Tristan Davolos-Guillen 105lbs 1st place Petey Marucci 132lbs 3rd Place Ryan Peterson 5th Place 8th Grade Pasquale Stanco 172lbs 2nd Place Aidan Baczkowski 154lbs 3rd Place Monroe Schloss 4th Place

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KIDS One in Six Children Live With a Half Sibling Under 18 By Brian Knop

It’s not uncommon for children to live with siblings who share just one biological par- ent. In fact, one in six children under 18 live with a half sibling, according to U.S. Census Bureau estimates. Of the 73.5 million children under age 18 in 2014, 17.0% (12.5 million children) were living with at least one half sibling also under 18. The presence of at least one stepsibling is higher among children living with their dad only (6.1%) than among children living with either their mom only (0.9%) or with two parents (2.6%). The latest estimate is six percentage points higher than the percent of children living with a half sibling shown in the previous SIPP panel in 2009 (10.8%). There was a parallel six percentage point drop in the share of children living with only full siblings (those who share two biological parents): 57.5% in 2014 compared to 64.2% in 2009. Changes to the data collection process for these estimates explain these differences more so than an actual change in American families between 2009 and 2014.

Unlike previous panels, the 2014 SIPP includes an expanded fertility section that includes whether people have children with more than one person. Sibling information now comes from answers to these new fertility and demographic questions. There were also changes to data processing that im- proved the accuracy of sibling estimates. In previous panels, a respondent identified how each person is related to every single person in the household (e.g., parent, child, grandparent, cousin, nonrelative). Often, respondents may not think of sibling relationships in specific demographic terms. In their day-to-day lives, people define family relationships not just by technical terms, but also based on personal and shared histories. In previous SIPP panels, survey respondents may have misidentified half siblings in their household as biological full siblings even though they shared only one biological parent. This is more likely to happen when siblings are under age18 and share daily routines and developmental milestones. The SIPP question changes reduced the survey length for many respondents and provided a more accurate estimate of half siblings. Number and Type of Siblings Estimates show that children live in a variety of sibling configurations — with varying numbers of biological, half, step or adopted siblings. Whether children live with siblings varies depending on whether they live with both parents or with their mother or father only: • More than 4 in 5 children (84.6%) living with two parents also live with at least one sibling. That’s higher than the percentage of children who live with at least one half sibling and their mom only and at least one sibling (74.4%); or with their dad only and at least one sibling (63.8%). • A higher percentage of children living with their dad only also live exclusively with full siblings — 48.3% compared to 39.0% living with their mom only. • The presence of at least one stepsibling is higher among children living with their dad only (6.1%) than among children living with either their mom only (0.9%) or with two parents (2.6%). • It’s more common for children living with their mom only to have at least one half sibling present (32.5%). Only 7.6% of children living with their dad only and 12.8% of children living with two parents have one half sibling – or more – living with them. More children live with two parents than with a mother or a father only, regardless of the number of siblings under 18 in the home. The least common sibling arrangement among children living with two parents — no siblings — is still more common than the most common sibling arrangement (one sibling) among children living with a mother only. Similarly, more children live with a mother than with a father only, regardless of the number of siblings present. There are more children living with a mother only and three or more siblings (the least common sibling arrangement among children living with a moth- er only), than any of the individual sibling arrangements among children living with a father only. These estimates allow for a more detailed analysis of children’s living arrangements and how they are linked to child well-being. Brian Knop is a family demographer in the Census Bureau’s Fertility and Family Statistics Branch.

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The Millstone Times STUDENT OF THE MONTH By Pam Teel

Eleven-year-old Kira Jones attends the Goetz Middle School in Jackson. She is in the sixth grade. Kira loves learning about new things in her classes and loves the fact that she can see all her friends in school. Her favorite subjects are art and music but she tries her best in all of her classes. Right now her favorite books that she likes to read are, Pieces of Why and No Summit Out of Sight . Her favorite television show is Victorious. Her favorite male performer is Post Malone.

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Max's Minute Super Bowl 2020 By Max Druckman

¡Bienvenidos a Miami! Super Bowl LIV (54) was held on February 2, 2020, at Hard Rock Stadium in Miami, Florida and was certainly a memorable one. The dynamic Kansas City Chiefs took on the powerful San Francisco 49ers. Miami, as always, was electric and alive serving as the perfect host for this whirlwind extravaganza. The Kansas City Chiefs of the American Football Conference were making just their sec- ond Super Bowl appearance and their first in 50 years since defeating the Minnesota Vi- kings in Super Bowl IV. The Chiefs are veterans of the first-ever Super Bowl, losing to the Green Bay Packers in Super Bowl I. The Chiefs had come close to the big game in 2018-19, losing in the AFC Championship Game in overtime to the eventual champion New En- gland Patriots. This season, the Chiefs were among the favorites to win it all right out of the gate. They did not disappoint, with a 12 and 4 record in the regular season. The Chiefs won their fourth straight AFC West Division title and clinched the second seed in the AFC, promising them a first-round bye. The Chiefs’ potent offense was headlined by reigning MVP quarterback Patrick Mahomes, speedy wide receiver Tyreek Hill, and a rock-solid

offensive line. Their top tier defense was led by superstar safety Tyrann Mathieu and a defensive line that all quarterbacks feared, fronted by Frank Clark and Chris Jones. Rounding out the Chiefs’ squad was veteran head coach Andy Reid. Reid had taken the Philadelphia Eagles to the Super Bowl in 2004-05 and was widely regarded as one of the best coaches to never win the big game. Kansas City mounted very impressive comebacks against the Houston Texans and Tennessee Titans in the playoffs to book their tickets to Miami. The San Francisco 49ers were at the opposite end of the spectrum. The ‘Niners went 4 and 12 in 2018-19 and did not have very high expectations entering this season. Big-money quarterback Jimmy Garoppolo missed time with injury and the defense failed to find a spark. In contrast, this season, Jimmy G led a balanced offense including All-Pro tight end George Kittle, talented wide receivers Deebo Samuel and Emmanuel Sanders, and underdog running back RaheemMostert that taunted defenses across the NFL. San Fran’s defense was headed by rookie end Nick Bosa who scared quarterbacks with his many sacks and veteran Pro-Bowl cornerback Richard Sherman, who had Super Bowl experience with the Seattle Seahawks. Calling the shots was young head coach Kyle Shanahan, son of Super Bowl-winning coach Mike Shanahan. The 49ers went 13-3 to win the NFCWest. They crushed the Minnesota Vikings and Green Bay Packers in the postseason en route to Miami. Super Bowl LIV was their seventh big game appearance and their shot at a record-tying sixth win. The stage was set! All eyes turned to Miami as it hosted its league-leading 11th Super Bowl. After Demi Lovato’s magnificent rendition of the Star-Spangled Banner and the customary flyover, Robbie Gould of the 49ers kicked off football’s biggest night. One possession later, Gould was the hero, as he kicked a field goal to put his side up 3-0. The Chiefs came roaring right back, as Patrick Mahomes led them 75 yards down the field and personally ran a touchdown in to give Chiefs Kingdom a 7-3 lead. To start the second quarter, Chiefs cornerback Bashaud Breeland intercepted a Garoppolo pass to give the Chiefs back the ball. A long completion to Sammy Watkins, followed by a Harrison Butker field goal, extended the Chiefs lead to 10-3. San Francisco drove right back to the endzone, and a Jimmy Garoppolo pass to fullback Kyle Juszczyk tied the game 10-10 at the half. The game was neck and neck, no clear winner could be seen at the half. Following an amazing halftime performance by Jennifer Lopez and Shakira that reflected Miami’s Hispanic culture, Samuel, Sanders, and Juszczyk led the 49ers down the field for a Gould field goal to take a 13-10 lead. Linebacker Fred Warner intercepted Mahomes on the next Chiefs’ drive, a rarity for a quar- terback of Mahomes’ caliber. The 49ers took advantage and RaheemMostert put the finishing touches on a drive that gave the ‘Niners a 20-10 lead going into the fourth quarter. Mahomes would not give up though, as he took his team to the San Francisco 23 yard line, only to be intercepted by Travarious Moore, making it seem all but certain that San Francisco had won. Mahomes responded once again, however, throwing a 44-yard pass to Tyreek Hill to put his side deep into 49ers territory. A touchdown to tight end Travis Kelce followed, putting KC right back in the ballgame. The Chiefs forced the 49ers to punt on their next possession and Mahomes once again took his team to a touchdown on a Damien Williams run, giving them the lead. San Francisco, in return, took the ball into Chiefs territory. However, a Frank Clark sack turned the ball over on downs, giving Kansas City the pigskin with 1:33 left in the game. Williams ran for another touchdown on the ensuing drive, extending the lead to 31-20. On the 49ers last chance drive, Kendall Fuller picked off Garoppolo to seal the deal for the Chiefs. Mahomes won the Super Bowl Most Valuable Player award, becoming the second African American quarterback to win a Super Bowl, and Chief ’s Kingdom rejoiced in the glory of their first title in 50 years! Coach Andy Reid cemented his legacy as one of the best coaches ever by adding a Super Bowl title to his resumé. It was an amazing game, featuring a thrilling comeback, that gave a long overdue championship to a historic franchise. The Chiefs and their fans said “¡Adios, Miami!” with a coveted Lombardi Trophy in their grasp.

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HOME IMPROVEMENT A Lens on Small-Town America What is Micropolitan areas? For a lens on small-town America, turn to micropolitan statistical areas or “micros” for short. What’s a micro?

It’s a type of statistical area — first delineated by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget in 2003 — that provides more granular details of small population centers. Wyoming had the highest share of any state population living in micros — 44.2% — while Delaware, New Jersey and Rhode Island had zero micros.

Micros must contain a population concentration, or core, of at least 10,000 but less than 50,000, the threshold for metropolitan sta- tistical areas. They consist of a central county (or counties) plus any other coun- ties with strong commuting ties to it (or them). Taken together, these requirements typically translate into a small town and its surroundings. As of September 2018, there were 542 micros encompassing 660 counties in the United States. Some 27.2 million people 8.4% of the U.S. population – lived in these areas, according to 2017 Census estimates. The proportion of state populations living in micros varies considerably. Wyoming had the highest share of any state population living in micros — 44.2% — while Delaware, New Jersey and Rhode Island had zero micros. Massachusetts had one, accounting for less than 1% of its population in 2017. The growth rate of micros also varies from state to state. Between 2000 and 2017, seven states had micro populations that grew faster than their overall populations: Hawaii, Massachusetts, Michigan, Montana, North Dakota, Utah, and Wyoming. Utah’s micro population grew the fastest (43.6%) during that period. Twelve states experienced overall growth but saw losses in their micro populations: Connecticut, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Mississippi, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Vermont, Virginia, and West Virginia. The population of micros skewed older than that of the United States as a whole in 2017. Higher proportions of the population were ages 55 and older, and lower proportions were between ages 25 and 49. Micro areas were also less diverse than the nation as whole. For more info visit the U.S. Census Bureau’s Population Division.

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March 2020



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HOME IMPROVEMENT Septic System Advice from CNJ's Trusted Local Septic Expert NJ’s past couple years of record-breaking wet weather has wreaked havoc on our septic systems. Andwithanupcoming spring thawitwill be certain tocontinuebeingproblematic for our septic systems. Why? You ask... The reason being that septic system works by absorption & evaporation-when the ground is already saturated with moisture (snow melt and/or heavy rain) the effluent has nowhere to go. Typically, the groundwater table rises during rainy periods in the winter and/or spring. Saturated soil conditions influence wastewater flow and treatment. When you still continuously add to the water level by using showers, doing loads of laundry, flushing toilets along with a high-water level in the surrounding soil you start to have problems. Think of a sponge that is completely filled with water-if you need to use it again you need to wring out the sponge to continue. So how do we “wring” out our septic systems? Is it possible? Yes and no! Start with monitoring water usage-if a heavy rain or major temperature changes (causing surrounding snow to melt quickly) is expected then refrain from overburdening your septic system by controlling the amount of water washed or rinsed down the drains-especially doing loads of laundry back to back. Leave the laundry or 20-minute shower to a drier day. Regular pump-outs are important to maintain the health bacteria in your septic tank. Plan ahead for preventative maintenance-Don’t wait for a major problem to occur. Healthy bacteria prefer warm weather. Emptying a septic tank in the winter months may not allow enough time for de- composition to begin before the winter’s coldest temperature sets in. Unless you’re having an emergency or need the septic tank to be pumped for a real estate transaction. It is best to wait for warmer weather. (Your septic contractor will thank you for not having to service the tank when it is 12 degrees out and surrounding soil is frozen) Keep all water flow away from your septic system-This includes gutter drain run-off, sump pump discharge. Keep water softener discharge out of your septic system. If this is allowed to discharge into your septic system you just sent your septic system a death notice. Be prepared for early failure of your system. Plow snow away from your septic system components. Keep the area free & clean of any impervious items. (such as patios or hardscaping) Only grass should be on top of your septic system components including the septic tank. Power outages can occur during heavy rain/snow and ice storms preventing a septic effluent pump from working. If a power failure occurs, you have no way to remove the wastewater from your septic tank to your drain field if your pump doesn’t work. This can cause wastewater backups into your home resulting in water damage. Most insurance policies do not have a “water backup coverage” unless this option was chosen. Water backup coverage is an optional type of insurance that can be added to your existing policy. Talk to your insurance agent before it is too late. Water backing up into your home from the septic outlet line, overflow of toilets or showers can cause significant, costly damage not to mention a messy clean-up. Having water backup insurance included in your home policy will provide coverage for the structure of your home as well as any personal property damaged from this situation. Broken or frozen pipework can also cause back-ups into your home or basement. Maintain all outlet lines if possible. Do not wait till an emergency occurs in the dead of winter. Refrain from disposal of items that are not flushable or bio-degradable down your drains. This can result in pipe work damage (remember plumbing pipe work is only a few inches in diameter) or clogged lines. Only waste that exists your body (and 1 ply biodegradable toilet paper) should go into your toilet and only wash water should go down the drains. Many people call a septic company when it is too late. They call after things start to smell or the ground gets soggy over the absorption (drain field) area. By then, it’s usually too late, your septic system is malfunctioning (not draining correctly) and repair and/or replacement is in the near future. And contrary to major advertising, no amount of additives can save it. Preventative maintenance is very important! An “install and forget” mentality will get you in the long run. All septic systems will mal- function sooner than later without proper care. Preventative maintenance will extend the life of your septic system. Septic systems have a lifespan. A traditional, year-round used septic system will last approx. 15-20 years as long as it is properly designed, installed and maintained. Consult with your local certified septic contractor to keep your septic system happy & functioning well for many years. Keep your septic system happy & healthy. In the long run it will keep your home, property and environment healthy & working well for many years to come. CONSULT WITH A-NORTON SEPTIC CONTRACTING. WE KNOW SEPTIC!

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